Created by Pat Moore Foundation
Bath salts are very addictive psychoactive chemicals which are presumed to include synthetic cocaine and an ecstasy variety in its components. Bath salts produce a “high” comparable to methamphetamine. Its main ingredient is MDPV or 3, 4-Methylenedioxypyrovalerone, a psychoactive drug under Schedule V classification. MDPV is a stimulant introduced as a legal drug because of its research chemical status. However drug abuse trend of bath salts happened when it was successfully sold as a drug alternative.
Another chemical component of bath salts is 4-methylmeth¬cathinone or Mephedrone. It is also a synthetic stimulant that contains cathinone. This chemical compound is obtainable in the plant grown in Africa called “khat”. For this reason these new drugs are also known as herbal bath salts. Other psychoactive chemicals found in bath salts are 4-Fluoromethcathinone, 3-Fluoromethcathinone, 3-Methoxymethcathinone and 3,4 Methylenedioxymethcathinone (Methylone).
Bath salts designer drugs sold inside small powder pockets are not the same as the legally sold bath salts used for body cleansing and tub relaxation. The proof is the absence of the basic ingredients of legal bath salts which are sea salt and Epsom salt. Manufacturers of these designer drugs are presumed to have labeled it as bath salts in order to get around the country’s drug laws. These drugs are legally sold as household chemicals analogous to insecticide and plant foods.
Manufactures shrewdly placed them in ready to snort cans and 500mg small powder package. These new designer drugs can be purchased from $20 up to $60. Dealers carry out the trade in gasoline stations, convenience stores and online stores like eBay. Bath salts are believed to be imported primarily from India or China.
Alternative and street names
Bath salts products include Purple Wave, Ivory Wave, Blue Silk, Purple Rain, Vanilla Sky, Pure Ivory, Route 69 and White Rush.
Herbal bath salts are also marketed under the following brand names:
- White Lightning
- White Dove
- Red Dove
- Charge +
How are bath salts taken?
Bath salts are taken by swallowing, snorting, or injecting.
Effects of consumption
Addiction is due to the following desired effects:
- Initial rush upon injection or euphoria
- Appetite suppressant
- Provides more energy
- Positive reception for music
- High mood
- Decreased unfriendliness
- Enhanced mental function
- Mild sexual spur
Impact on the mind/body and health risks
- Facial muscle tension ending with jaw
- Tongue rolling
- Teeth grinding
- Dilated pupils
- Muscle twitching
- Panic attacks
- Violent rage
Signs of overdose from bath salts
- Hot flashes
- Mild fever
- Lack of body heat or hypothermia
- Uninten¬tional violation of the law due to severe hallucinations and alteration of mental pattern
- Violent actions
- Unpredictable behaviors
Violent cases of bath salts abuse involved people committing suicide in a violent manner like cutting his own throat, face or stomach. There were reports of attempted and consummated murders in a very violent manner like beheading, shooting and stabbing. Most of these actions are due to severe hallucinations.
The effects of the high dosage of the drugs are similar to the trip of amphetamines, cocaine and methamphetamine. 10mg or less can already produce the desired normal hit. However since most of the users assume 500mg as a normal dose a single intake results to severe forms of hallucinations that led some users to commit self-injury and suicide.
An initial dose can cause initial rush with its peak from 15 minutes to 1 hour and a euphoric feeling that lasts for 5 hours. With the desire to experience a lasting effect many young adults re-dose to extend the effects for few days. This causes overdose that results in a dangerous trip.
Signs of abuse of bath salts
Signs of bath salts abuse include persistence use of the drugs in spite of its harmful physical, mental and even social effects. The user can also be involved in recurrent legal problems related to the use of the said substances.
Common treatment options
To prevent acute withdrawal symptoms
In order to avoid severe bath salts withdrawal symptoms compassionate medical intervention and 24-hour medical support is vital. Bath salts drug abuse treatment includes the necessity for a client to stay in a detox center that integrates psychiatric and behavioral therapy to the detoxification process.
Treatment in a detox/rehab facility
Since anti-depressant therapy will be helpful for patients with depressive states due to bath salts withdrawal it is vital to find a treatment center that integrates 12- Step programs and behavior modifications in its treatment plan.
Bath salts withdrawal/detox symptoms
Bath salts withdrawal symptoms are similar to methamphetamine withdrawal.
- Decreased appetite
- Too much sleep or inability to sleep
- Psychotic behaviors